Indian Cobra – 5 Most Popular Types & Facts about Cobra Snakes in India

Cobras are the longest venomous snake in India, typically ranging between 5-6 feet long. They are recognizable by their hoods that are upraised when threatened.

The cobra’s venom is not deadly to humans unless it is injected into the bloodstream. When irritated or disturbed, the cobra will aggressively strike an intruder with its fangs and inject venom. The venom is painful and can lead to more of a health risk if it permeates through open wounds.

Cobra snakes are found in the Indian subcontinent, which includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. They are also found in many other tropical areas around the world.

In this article, we will discuss the types and facts about the Indian cobra snakes.

Indian Cobra

Indian Cobra
Via – wikimedia commons, user – simpalypavi

The Indian cobra is a venomous snake that has a deadly bite.  It has a vicious temperament and is responsible for most of the cases of snakebite in the region.

These snakes grow to be around 5-7 feet in length and can live up to 25-30 years. The coloration of the Indian cobra is usually black with yellow or white stripes, but they can also be brown or green. They prey on small mammals, frogs, and other reptiles.

The Indian cobra snake is a very agile reptile that can climb trees and swim. They are one of the deadliest snakes in the world, holding a number 1 ranking as the most venomous snake on earth. The snake is native to India and Sri Lanka and prefers dry, hot climates.

The Indians cobra is a diurnal snake, meaning it is active during the day and usually hunts for prey during daylight hours or dusk. They will bite if they feel threatened and their venom contains neurotoxins which affect the central nervous system.

Habitat Destruction

One of the biggest threats to the baby indian cobra is habitat destruction. As humans have been cutting down trees in many places, their homes have been destroyed for development, and their food sources have been wiped out in some regions.

These reptiles are not a big threat to humans, but when they’re in a forest that’s being cleared, they have nowhere left to go.

Caspian Cobra (Central Asian Cobra)

Caspian Cobra
Via – wikimedia commons, user – Sebastian80~commonswiki

Members of the Caspian subspecies are found in the Near Eastern countries of Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan and Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir in India. However, they are most often found in the deserts of Iran.

The Caspian subspecies has a reputation for being more aggressive than other cobras. A bite from this snake can be very dangerous due to neurotoxins which can cause pain on contact with any tissue.

Generally, Caspian Cobras can be found in the deserts and arid steppe regions and are the apex predators in their ecosystems and feed primarily on rodents, including other snakes. They possess a potent neurotoxic venom that they use to kill prey.

Monocled Cobra (Indian Spitting Cobra)

Monocled Cobra Indian Spitting Cobra
Via – Flickr, User – Florida Fish and Wildlife (CC BY-ND 2.0)

The Monocled Cobra has the distinction of being one of the world’s most venomous snake.

It is found in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia. However, this species is also the smallest of all the cobras.

The Monocled Cobra was given its name by Sir Sidney Burrard-Neale because of its distinctive eye coloring which he likened to a monocle on a gentleman’s face.

This venomous snake can reach up to two meters in length, and is able to spit its venom up to two meters in distance hence the name as “Indian spitting cobra”.

It frequents low-lying wet areas with dense vegetation, though it can also tolerate drier areas near streams with overhanging banks. The monocled cobra is typically passive unless provoked or threatened.

The monocled cobra, or Indian spitting cobra, is a member of the Naja genus in the Elapidae family. They are closely related to other members of this genus, including the king cobra.

The monocled cobras’ prey consists of small mammals and birds.

King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)

King Cobra

The King Cobra is one of the most dangerous snakes in the world. It’s strong enough to kill an elephant, and has a jaw powerful enough to crush a water buffalo bone.

The King Cobra can grow up to 20 feet long, with an average weight of 6-9 pounds. This snake can live up to 50 years, and has a sense of smell so finely tuned it can detect a single drop of urine from a mile away.

Their extraordinary sense of smell, help them locate food and navigate to a warm place. This sense of smell can be used to lure a cobra out of its hiding spot that it would otherwise prefer.

They live in regions of Southern Asia and Central India, usually inhabiting areas that have a lot of water, such as swamps, marshes, and river banks. In addition, they sometimes dwell in other areas such as farms and palm trees.

Andaman Cobra

Andaman Cobra
Via – wikimedia commons, User – Oxus4

The Andaman Cobra is another deadliest snake on earth with enough venom to kill an elephant. Its name derives from its native habitat of the Andaman Islands in India that was discovered by 20th century explorers.

These beautiful but deadly creatures are protected in some areas but are still threatened by deforestation and illegal wildlife trade.

The Andaman cobra is found throughout India’s Southern region, including the island of Andaman which is located between Burma and Indonesia in the Bay of Bengal.

It ranges in length from 3 feet to 6 feet. The Andaman Cobra has a short, broad head, and enlarged teeth.

This snake’s habitat includes mangroves, coastal forests, and wetlands. It is very sensitive to human intrusion in its natural environment and will become aggressive if threatened.

Are baby cobras snakes venomous?

Baby Indian cobras are venomous to an extend but not as much as of adult cobra snakes. They are relatively small and grow to be only about 2ft long, but they can still deliver a painful bite. As their name implies, baby Indian cobras are a bit more docile than the larger versions. They also have a tendency to curl up in a ball when stressed or threatened which is why they are sometimes called “coffin” snakes.

What is the difference between Indian cobra and king cobra?

The Indian cobra and the king cobra are both deadly but there is a difference. The Indian cobra is smaller and has a yellow or brown body with a band on its neck, while the king cobra is more slender and has a patterned black and white body. The Indian cobra can be up to 8 feet long as an adult, while the king cobra only reaches around 5-6 feet as an adult.

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